Antitrust Antitrust

Apple, Amazon’s sales restraints sanctioned in Italy extend across Europe, authority says

By Tono Gil and Nicholas Hirst
  • 01 Dec 2021 12:04
  • 01 Dec 2021 12:04
Apple and Amazon’s restrictions on merchants, which resulted in combined fines of more than 200 million euros ($225 million) in Italy, affected at least four other European countries, the Italian Competition Authority has said.

In a decision published Monday (see here), the AGCM sets out how Amazon curbed nearly 2,000 sellers

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Tono Gil

Regulatory Reporter


Tono is a competition reporter for MLex in Brussels. Prior to joining MLex, he worked as a trainee in the European Parliament and as a correspondent in Valencia and Buenos Aires for the Spanish news agency EFE. Tono holds a degree in Journalism from the University of Valencia and a master in Transmedia Journalism.

Nicholas Hirst

Chief Correspondent


Nicholas covers EU merger review and antitrust investigations for Mlex in Brussels. He previously wrote about EU affairs for Politico Europe, European Voice and PaRR. After earning an LLM in European law from the College of Europe in Bruges, he spent a year working in the competition practice of a leading competition law firm in Brussels 2009-10. He graduated in modern European languages from Oxford University in 2006.

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